1916

Montana congressional candidate Jeannette Rankin wins election to become the woman to hold federal elected office, having been elected to the U.S. House of Representatives for Montana. She was reelected 24 years later to that same office. She was also a champion of women’s voting and other civil rights. The 19th Amendment granting women the right to vote originated with legislation introduced by Rankin.

1973

Congress overrides President Richard M. Nixon’s veto of the War Powers Resolution, which limits the chief executive’s power to wage war without legislative approval.