1945The Nuremberg war crime trials begin in Germany. Judges from the UK, France, the USSR and the U.S. presided over the hearings against 22 accused Nazis. Twelve prominent Nazis were sentenced to death.2014President Barack Obama announces the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals immigration policy, which granted a two-year deferment of deportation of individuals who entered or remained in the country illegally as children and made them eligible for work permits.