1803The U.S. Senate conducts the first impeachment trial of a federal judge. Judge John Pickering stood accused of drunkenness and unfair rulings and was removed from the bench after President Thomas Jefferson supplied Congress with evidence.1931President Herbert Hoover signs a bill making “The Star-Spangled Banner” the official national anthem. It was written in 1814 by attorney Francis Scott Key after witnessing the British attack on Fort McHenry in Baltimore.