1948U.S. Sen. Glenn Taylor was arrested in Birmingham, Ala., for trying to enter a meeting through a door marked "for Negroes." An early proponent of the civil rights movement, Taylor was the vice presidential candidate on the Progressive Party ticket in 1948. His arrest led to a conviction for disorderly conduct.1961The Pulitzer Prize was awarded to Harper Lee for her classic legal novel “To Kill a Mockingbird.”