The U.S. Constitution spent few words on the establishment of the third co-equal branch of government, the judiciary. It concisely provided for the establishment of: 1) judicial power, 2) the federal judiciary’s jurisdiction and 3) the crime, and rules for prosecution of, treason. The details were left up to the first Congress to flesh out, and Congress did so in the Judiciary Act of 1789. Among the many provisions was the …